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What is CBD Oil?

What is CBD Oil?

It’s hard to ignore the explosion in popularity that CBD oil has experienced over the last few years. But what exactly is CBD oil? Where does it come from? What is it good for? What are the challenges people face when looking to experience its benefits for the first time? If you’re curious about trying CBD oil, you’ll definitely want to stick around as we answer those questions and more.

The History of Cannabis

Cannabis, also known as marijuana or pot, has been a staple in cultures across the world for thousands of years. Produced in ancient cultures as an herbal medicine rather than a recreational drug, the plant was commonly used to treat anxiety, depression, cuts and burns, inflammation, muscle aches, and gastrointestinal issues. However, political and racial influence in the last few decades has led to the criminalization of cannabis, slowing research into the medicinal benefits that the cannabis plant has to offer. Cannabis was also commonly used for incense and beverage making in Europe in the Middle Ages, and as a part of funeral rituals in Egyptian times.

In the 1830s, Sir William Brooke O’Shaughnessy discovered that cannabis extracts could assist those suffering from stomach pain and vomiting. O’Shaughnessy was an Irish doctor living in India and is credited as helping introduce cannabis into the world of Western medicine. In the late 1800s, the popularity of cannabis extracts had grown and was being sold in pharmacies and doctor’s offices in the United States and Europe.

In terms of recreational marijuana, the United States didn’t see a surge in use until the early 1900s. It is believed Mexicans that traveled to the United States during the Mexican Revolution had a large role in bringing the use of recreational marijuana to the country. Due to the high unemployment rate and social anxiety during the Great Depression, many people began to resent Mexican immigrants and the use of pot. In the era of Prohibition and in keeping with the belief that intoxicants weren’t to be trusted, 29 states had outlawed cannabis by 1931.

The Marijuana Tax Act of 1937 was the first federal law that criminalized marijuana use across the country. It imposed a tax on the sale, transfer, and possession of all cannabis and hemp products, essentially criminalizing all use of the plant outside of those by manufacturing industries. One day after the law’s passage, 58-year-old farmer Samuel Caldwell became the first person to face criminal charges for selling marijuana, completing four years of hard labor for his crime.

CBD Oil

In essence, CBD oil is fairly simple. CBD, also known as cannabidiol, is a naturally-occurring extract found in the flower of the cannabis plant. When mixed with a host oil, people are able to administer the benefits of the CBD extract within products such as drinks, smoothies, teas, and foods. It’s important to note that CBD can also be extracted from the hemp plant. While hempseed oil can be confused for CBD oil, the two are incredibly different. While CBD oil contains CBD, as the name suggests, hempseed oil contains no CBD, no THC, and no plant cannabinoids whatsoever.

THC

Unfortunately, the FDA has stalled the research into developing more concrete evidence on the benefits of medicinal cannabis and CBD oil use because of the existence of THC in the marijuana plant. THC, also known as delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, is the part of the cannabis plant that is the principal psychoactive component, causing the high that users experience when consuming cannabis. The plant is listed under Schedule 1 as part of the Controlled Substances Act “due to its high potential for abuse, which is attributable in large part to the psychoactive effects of THC, and the absence of a currently accepted medical use of the plant in the United States.”

How Does CBD Oil Work?

Cannabis produces cannabinoids, a part of the plant that although they have no distinct purpose in the plant’s growth and development, act as the plant’s immune system to ward off parasites, pests, and predators. Humans have a receptor system called the endocannabinoid system, which helps our bodies maintain health and stability.

The way that cannabinoids interact with our endocannabinoid system is still being explored. However, there are certain things that scientists have been able to discover that have given positive indications about the future of the plant’s impact on our bodies. For example, a study was conducted by researchers in Brazil and London that show the way that CBD oil directly activates the 5-HT1A (hydroxytryptamine) serotonin receptor. People may recognize serotonin as the body’s happiness chemical. It is critical in a number of neurological and biological processes, including anxiety, pain perception, sleep, nausea and vomiting, addiction, and appetite.

CECD

One abbreviation that isn’t commonly heard but is causing a great deal of discussion in medical circles is CECD, also known as Clinical Endocannabinoid Deficiency. CECD is a condition in which a person has a lower level of endogenous cannabinoids than scientists consider optimum to promote health and wellbeing. Scientists also believe that CECD plays a role in numerous conditions, including Huntington’s Disease, autism, motion sickness, migraine headaches, Parkinson’s Disease, fibromyalgia, irritable bowel syndrome, multiple sclerosis, neuropathy, and post-traumatic stress disorder. The majority of these conditions are most commonly treated with pharmaceutical prescriptions that often come with a long list of potential side effects. However, if a lack of cannabinoids is indeed causing the root of the problem, then consuming CBD oil may be a much more effective, and much less invasive, treatment for these disorders.

CBD Oil for Pain

There are two types of cannabinoid receptors in our body: CB1 and CB2. While the CB1 receptors are primarily located in our brain, the CB2 receptors are scattered throughout our body and play a large role in our overall health and wellness. Scientists believe that CBD oil interacts with CB2 receptors, in addition to activating non-cannabinoid receptors. For example, glycine receptors are located in the central nervous system and play a dramatic role in the number of pain people feel. Studies have shown that CBD oil increases the power of the glycine receptors, helping people feel lower levels of pain.

CBD For Anxiety

In 2015, a study was completed that showed a positive response in people with anxiety. It demonstrated that by introducing CBD oil to those suffering from social anxiety disorders, panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder, there was an increase in blood flow to the portions of the brain that control anxiety.

CBD Oil for Sleep

Nearly 80% of Americans say they have trouble sleeping. Although there are many over the counter and prescription medicines available, many people have found that they’re both ineffective and can be potentially dangerous, especially when used with other medicines or taken with alcohol. However, a growing number of researchers have completed studies with promising results for the use of CBD oil as a sleep aid. According to Joseph Maroon, M.D., a clinical professor, and neurosurgeon at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, CBD has the ability to ease pain and anxiety, which can make it hard for people to fall asleep and stay asleep. In addition, a 2017 study published in Current Psychiatry Reports suggests that CBD oil may interact with the brain’s receptors that direct the body’s sleep and wake cycles.

CBD Oil for Autoimmune Disorders

Autoimmune diseases are caused by the body attacking its own tissues. Multiple disorders can be classified as autoimmune diseases, including Chron’s Disease, multiple sclerosis, lupus, fibromyalgia, and celiac disease. Common symptoms can include pain, nausea, rashes, fatigue, swelling, and fever. Many sufferers of autoimmune diseases are turning to CBD oil as an alternative solution due to the unwanted side effects of prescription medications. CBD oil is known to help restore balance to the body’s immune system, reducing inflammation and impacting receptors that may be functioning incorrectly. It’s also been noticed that CBD works by slowing T-cell production and suppressing immune system memory, reducing the chance of future autoimmune attacks.

CBD Oil for Neurological Conditions

According to a review by the American Academy of Neurology, “medical marijuana in pill or oral spray form can help treat certain MS symptoms.” Specifically, studies showed that there was strong evidence that oral cannabis extract can reduce reported symptoms of spasticity in patients with MS, and can help lessen central pain and the feeling of painful burning, pins and needles, and numbness in patients with MS.

One of the other most discussed diseases that CBD oil has shown to have a drastic impact on is epilepsy. Epilepsy is a neurological condition that causes the brain to experience bouts of abnormal activity, resulting in seizures, unusual behavior, and even loss of consciousness. Especially in children, it has been shown that CBD oil has not only lessened the severity of seizures, but also the frequency. 

CBD Oil for Pets

As with CBD oil for the treatment of diseases and disorders in humans, the extract has also shown promise in the treatment of several issues in pets. According to the AKC’s Chief Veterinary Officer, Dr. Jerry Klein, there is anecdotal evidence from dog owners suggesting that CBD oil has been successful in treating neuropathic pain as well as helping to control seizures in dogs. Dr. Klein adds that “CBD is also used because of its anti-inflammatory properties, cardiac benefits, anti-nausea effects, appetite stimulation, anti-anxiety impact, and for possible anti-cancer benefits.”

In addition, the AKC states on its website that, “The AKC Canine Health Foundation (CHF) is currently sponsoring a study, through the Colorado State University’s College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, that will evaluate the use of CBD in treatment-resistant epileptic dogs. The CHF hopes that this will be the first study to gain scientific data on the use of CBD in dogs with this condition.”

Want to know more about how CBD oil can help your pet? Check out our blog here!

Pharmaceutical CBD

In June of 2018, the United States Food and Drug Administration approved a drug called Epidiolex, an oral solution of CBD “for the treatment of seizures associated with two epilepsy syndromes — Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome — in people two years of age or older.” The FDA’s approval of Epidiolex marks the first time a cannabis-derived drug has been introduced to the market in the United States.

It should be noted that the lack of FDA research can primarily be attributed to CBD oil’s classification as a Schedule 1 controlled substance. This classification has led to limited access to cannabidiol by researchers, as well as time and financial constraints that have stalled the progress of potentially groundbreaking research. Fortunately for those suffering from autoimmune, neurological, and a number of other disorders, however, the approval of Epidiolex seems to mark a new transition in the acceptance of CBD oil as a respected medical treatment.

Marketing Challenges

In addition to the research challenges presented by the FDA’s refusal to accept the potential benefits of CBD oil outside of the approval of Epidiolex, its refusal has also created additional problems for users hoping to utilize CBD oil: a lack of overarching enforced quality control practices. But what exactly does that mean?

The FDA is responsible for regulating a variety of products, including many foods, human and veterinary drugs, vaccines, biological products, medical devices, and more. However, since CBD oil is still in a gray area in most regards in terms of FDA approval, many manufacturers have gotten away with making dozens of false claims about the impact their products have, as well as the potency of CBD actually contained within their products.

Have a Nice Day CBD knows it’s important to do your research on any company you plan on purchasing from before making a commitment. That’s why they require lab results on every single product they sell, ensuring they’re produced at the highest quality standard. Each product sold by Have a Nice Day CBD is certified under GMP, or Good Manufacturing Practice, a system used to evaluate products according to quality standards. According to ISPE, the entity that oversees GMP certification, “GMP covers all aspects of production from the starting materials, premises, and equipment to the training and personal hygiene of staff. Detailed written procedures are essential for each process that could affect the quality of the finished product. There must be systems to provide documented proof that correct procedures are consistently followed at each step in the manufacturing process — every time a product is made.”

If you’re looking to experience CBD oil for the first time, or you’re a longtime buyer looking for a great company to purchase from, you can rest assured you’re in great hands with Have a Nice Day CBD. Visit their website for a list of the products they carry as well as to take advantage of their competitive pricing and free shipping on every item, every time.

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